Work

 

Bible. IE TCD MS 35 Public Deposited

Bible. IE TCD MS 35

Shelf Mark/Reference Number
  • IE TCD MS 35 ; former shelfmarks : Lyon: A.1.2 ; Bernard: 245 ; Foley: [D.3] ; c1670: [D.1.3]
Location
Creator
Contributor
Rights statement
  • Copyright The Board of Trinity College Dublin. Images are available for single-use academic application only. Publication, transmission or display is prohibited without formal written approval of the Library of Trinity College, Dublin.
Publisher location
  • England
Date Created
  • between approximately 1320-1330
Language
Abstract
  • IE TCD MS 35, The Bible, in Latin, of St Jerome's version with the Interpretation of Hebrew names. Written and illuminated in England (possibly East Anglia) in the early 14th century. The Psalms have been annotated in a late medieval hand according to the eight-fold division, suggesting liturgical use in a monastic or lay setting. Folios 1-392v: (1) Bible: 1-3, Prologues (F. Stegmüller, 'Repertorium Biblicum Medii Aeui', nos. 284 and 285); 3-17v, Genesis; 17v-29v, Exodus; 29v-38, Leviticus; 38-49v, Numbers; 49v-60, Deuteronomy; 60v, Prologue (RB no. 307); 60v-67v, Joshua; 67v-74v, Judges; 74v, Prologue (RB no. 315); 74v-75v, Ruth; 75v-76, Prologue (RB no. 323); 76-86, I Kings; 86-94, II KIngs; 94-103v, III Kings; 103v-112, IV Kings; 112, Prologue (RB no. 328); 112v-120, I Paralipomenon; 120-130, II Paralipomenon; 130r-v, Prologue (RB no. 330); 130v-133, I Ezra; 133-137, II Ezra; 137, Prologue (RB no. 335); 137-141, Judith; 141, Prologue (RB no. 341); 141-143v, Esther; 143v, Prologue (RB no. 332); 143v-146v, Tobias; 146v-147 Prologues (RB nos. 344 and 357); 147-154v, Job; 154v-155, Prologues (RB nos. 414, 430, 443 and 429); 155-173v, Psalms (Incipit liber ympnorum prophete Dauid de Christo); 173v, Prologue (RB no. 457); 174-180, Proverbs; 180r-v, Prologue (RB no. 462); 180v-182v, Ecclesiastes; 182v-183v, Song of Songs; 183v, Prologue (RB no. 468); 183v-188, Wisdom; 188, Prologue (RB no. 26); 188-200v, Ecclesiasticus; 200v-201, Prologue (RB no. 482); 201-215v, Isaiah; 215v, Prologue (RB no. 487); 215v-232, Jeremiah; 232-233v, Lamentations; 233v, Prologue (RB no. 491); 233v-235, Baruch; 236, Prologue (RB no. 492); 236-251, Ezekiel; 251, Prologue (RB no. 494); 251-257v, Daniel; 257v, Prologues (RB nos. 500 and 507); 257v-259v, Hosea; 259v, Prologues (RB nos. 511 and 510); 260-261, Joel; 261, Prologues (RB nos. 515, 512 and 513); 261-262v, Amos; 262v, Prologue (RB no. 519); 263, Obadiah; 263r-v, Prologue (RB no. 524); 263v-264, Jonah; 264, Prologue (RB no. 526); 264-265, Micah; 265, Prologue (RB no. 528); 265r-v, Nahum; 265v-266, Prologue (RB no. 531); 266r-v, Habakkuk; 266v-267, Prologue (RB no. 534); 267r-v, Zephaniah; 267v-268, Prologue (RB no. 538); 268, Haggai; 268r-v, Prologue (RB no. 539); 268v-270v, Zechariah; 270v-271, Prologue (RB no. 543); 271r-v, Malachi; 271v-272, Prologues (RB nos. 547 opening with Rabanus's address to Louis ('Domino excellentissimo…'), 553 opening with Rabanus's address to Geroldus ('Reuerentissimo homini caritatis…') and 551); 272-281, I Maccabees; 281-288, II Maccabees; 288, Prologues (590 and 589); 288-297, Matthew; 297r-v, Prologue (RB no. 607); 297v-303, Mark; 303r-v, Prologues (RB nos. 49 and 620); 303-313, Luke; 313, Prologue (RB no. 624); 313-320v, John; 320v, Prologue (RB no. 677); 320v-324, Romans; 324v, Prologue (RB no. 685); 324v-328, I Corinthians; 328, Prologue (RB no. 699); 328-330v, II Corinthians; 330v, Prologue (RB no. 707); 330v-331v, Galatians; 331v, Prologue (RB no. 715); 331v-333, Ephesians; 333, Prologue (RB no. 728); 333-334, Philippians; 334, Prologue (RB no. 736); 334r-v, Colossians; 334v, Prologue (RB no. 747); 334v-335v, I Thessalonians; 335v, Prologue (RB no. 752); 335v-336, II Thessalonians; 336, Prologue (RB no. 765); 336-337, I Timothy; 337, Prologue (RB no. 772); 337r-v, II Timothy; 337v, Prologue (RB no. 780); 337v-338, Titus; 338, Prologue (RB no. 783); 338r-v Philemon; 338v, Prologue (RB no. 793); 338v-341v, Hebrews; 341v, Prologue (RB no. 637); 341v-352, Acts; 352, Prologue (RB no. 809); 352-353, James; 353-354, I Peter; 354-355, II Peter; 355r-v, I John; 355v-356, II John; 356, III John; 356, Jude; 356r-v, Prologue (RB no. 839); 356v-361, Revelation; 361-392v, Interpretation of Hebrew names in alphabetical list (RB no. 779) (Incipit: Hic sunt interpretationes nominum Hebreorum. Aaz - Zusim consiliantes eos uel consiliatores eorum).Parchment; 392 leaves. Dimensions: 402 x 255 (305 x 170). Foliation: Foliated as far as 32 by a 19th-century hand. Binding executed for the College about 1830 in blind-tooled leather.Layout: 2 columns, 52 lines. Script: Gothic book hand. Corrections and Additions: Nota marks and marginalia in 14th-century hand throughout, with additional medieval pencilling. Marginal notations in 15th-century Secretary and late 16th- or early 17th-century Italic hands also throughout, including manicule drawings (e.g. 121v). The historiated initials of Psalms 1, 26, 38, 52, 68, 80, 97 and 109 are numbered with roman numerals from i-viii in a late medieval hand according to the eight-fold or liturgical division for matins. Psalms 109, 114, 115, 121, 126, 131, 137 and 143 similarly numbered by same hand according to the liturgical division for vespers. Marginal note missing opening text, evidence of cropping (123v). Loss of text and decoration: The excision of two initials has resulted in the loss of some text on 28-29v (historiated initial removed from folio 29v, beginning of Leviticus, cutting through 2 folios) and 111-112v (historiated initial removed from 112v begin of I Paralipomenon). Though the quire number on 337 is xxix and that on 349 is xxxiii, no text is missing between 337 and 349.Margins of 204 cropped with no apparent loss of text.MS features 77 historiated initials (approx. 7 lines) in colours and gold, with partial borders, at the beginning of biblical books and the divisions of the book of Psalms. Foliate initials in colours and gold (approx. 5 lines), with partial borders, at the beginning of prologues and Interpretations of Hebrew names. The finials of the historiated and decorated initials extend into the margins, accompanied by patterned, notched and scalloped background panels, and incorporating three-pointed, ivy and heart-shaped leaves, stylised four-petalled flowers in lozenges, gold balls and clasps, and large-scale grotesque hybrids often growing directly out of the main stem of the foliage. Initials in blue with red pen-flourishing, at the beginning of chapters. Running titles in blue with red penwork decoration. Rubrics contain small blue opening initial with red penwork decoration and further lettering in red. Sandler attributes the decoration to one main anonymous artist and figure painter, who was also responsible for much of the work in the 'All Souls Psalter' produced in East Anglia in the early 14th century (Oxford, All Souls College MS 7). A second figure painter (beginning 337) is similar in style to the Walter de Milemete workshop, particularly hands in the 'DuBois Hours' (New York, Morgan Library MS M.700) and another contemporary Book of Hours (Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Douce 231). Manuscript additionally features individual motifs found in East Anglian manuscripts, such as lightning-like zig-zags, interlace knots, notched and scalloped background panels in the border (L.F. Sandler, 'Gothic Manuscripts, 1285-1385', A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles 5, (London, 1986), no. 83). The subjects of the historiated initials are as follows, with missing initials in square brackets: --Folio 1: (Prologue) St Jerome reading book at desk. --Folio 3: (Genesis) Seven scenes, from top to bottom: (a) God holding a compass. (b) God separating the waters. (c) God, with book, creating sun, moon, and stars. (d) God, with book, creating the birds and fish (e) God, with book, creating the animals. (f) God, creating Eve. (g) The Crucifixion with the Virgin Mary and John. --Folio 17v: (Exodus) The parting of the Red Sea. Figure of dog spinning plate with sticks in the margin of border.--[Folio 29v: (Leviticus) Historiated initial removed, with figure of deer in the margin of border remaining.] --Folio 38: (Numbers) Battle between two groups of knights (in reference to census of men fit for military service). --Folio 49v: (Deuteronomy) Moses giving Tablets of the Law to Israelites. --Folio 60v: (Joshua) Joshua, with book, leading the Israelites over the river Jordan. --Folio 67v: (Judges) Three enthroned judges of royal appearance hear Israelites, with figure of a lamb on grass in margin of border. --Folio 74v: (Ruth) Ruth cutting wheat with sickle (above) and Naomi gleaning grain (below), standing on grotesque with human head. --Folio 76: (I Kings) Elkanah (Helcana) and his two wives, one holding child (left). --Folio 86: (II Kings) King enthroned holding sceptre. --Folio 94: (III Kings) King David enthroned (above), and King David as an elderly man lying in bed (below). --Folio 103v: (IV Kings) Ascension of Elijah to Heaven in fiery chariot pulled by angel on horse. Elijah holds mantle grasped by Elisha. --[Folio 112v: (I Paralipomenon) Historiated initial removed.] --Folio 120: (II Paralipomenon) Kings Solomon and David seated and holding sceptres. --Folio 130v: (I Ezra) The prophet Ezra reading book with angel above (above), with figures, possibly at prayer in the temple (below). Scenes above part-man grotesque with vine-leaf border emerging from mouth and tail. --Folio 133: (II Ezra) Nehemiah as cupbearer offering wine to Arataxerxes. --Folio 137: (Judith) Judith beheading Holofernes.--Folio 141: (Esther) Haman hanging, with eyes blindfolded (above), Esther kneeling before throned Ahasuerus, depicted lowering his sceptre (below). Scenes above a part-man grotesque pointing to Esther, with vine-leaf decoration emerging from tail. --Folio 143v: (Tobit) The blinding of Tobit, witnessed by his wife and son. --Folio 147: (Job) God pointing to Job's burnt offering of lamb, witnessed by Satan in form of hoofed beast (above), Job's children holding feast (below). --Folio 155: (Psalm 1) Beatus page, featuring Tree of Jesse depicting God giving blessing with one hand and holding orb of the world in another, flanked by two prophets holding scrolls (above), with the Virgin Mary and Christ Child (below). King David is shown twice, playing the harp (bottom left) and kneeling in penitence and pointing to upwards to God (bottom right). --Folio 158: (Psalm 26) King David kneeling and pointing to his eye, before two men with God above. --Folio 159v: (Psalm 38) King David points to his mouth before two men. --Folio 161v: (Psalm 52) Fool with stick eating bread before King David. --Folio 163: (Psalm 68) God blessing with one hand and holding orb of world in another (above), with Jonah in water with whale before a tower (below). --Folio 165v: (Psalm 80) King David plays harp as two figures ring bells. --Folio 167v: (Psalm 97) Prophet with three clerics singing from an open choir book on a lectern. Grotesque with arm raised [cropped, originally carrying sword?] with shield depicting bearded face to battle lion. --Folio 169v: (Psalm 109) The Trinity. --Folios 174: (Proverbs) King Solomon instructing son Rehoboam and two other children. --Folio 180v: (Ecclesiastes) King Solomon instructing three men. --Folio 182v: (Song of Songs) Christ and Church depicted as king and queen embracing. --Folio 183v: (Wisdom) King Solomon instructing three men, with master holding book. --Folio 188v: (Ecclesiasticus) Jesus, son of Sirach writes book at lectern, with divine inspiration in the form of a dove speaking into his ear. --Folio 201: (Isaiah) Martyrdom of Isaiah by sawing, with God and angels above. --Folio 215v: (Jeremiah) Death of Jeremiah by stoning. --Folio 233v: (Baruch) Baruch reading book from raised pulpit to crowd. --Folio 236: (Ezekiel) King commanding execution of Ezekiel. Ezekiel kneels before king, with executioner standing with sword raised. --Folio 251: (Daniel) Daniel in the den with lions, as king holding sceptre looks on. --Folio 257v: (Hosea) The marriage of Hosea and Gomer, with officiant joining their hands. --Folio 260: (Joel) Joel instructs three figures, with dove above. --Folio 261: (Amos) Amos depicted as a shepherd with flock, and God above. --Folio 263: (Obadiah) Obadiah presenting loaf of bread to Edomites living in cleft of a rock, with God gesturing above.--Folio 263v: (Jonah) God above commanding Jonah (left) to travel to Nineveh, with scene (right) of Jonah thrown from galley ship by sailors and swallowed by whale. --Folio 264: (Micah) Micah prophesises the destruction of Samaria, with God above. --Folio 265: (Nahum) Nahum prophesises the destruction of Nineveh, represented by man falling from tower, as God holding book speaks to Nahum. --Folio 266: (Habakkuk) Habakkuk communicates with God above. --Folio 267: (Zephaniah) Zephaniah preaching to a group of figures, with God above. --Folio 268: (Haggai) Enlarged figure of Haggai stands on grotesque hybrid and preaches to group of smaller figures within initial. --Folio 268v: (Zechariah) Zechariah stands on grotesque hybrid, beside a censer or lamp stand, and converses with God holding book above. --Folio 271: (Malachi) Malachi preaching to a group of figures, with God above. --Folio 272: (I Maccabees) Battle scene with knights depicting the Maccabean Revolt. --Folio 281: (II Maccabees) Man kneeling in prayer before the Virgin and Child. --Folio 288: (Matthew) Worship of the Christ Child in the crib. --Folio 297v: (Mark) St John the Baptist with the Lamb of God. --Folio 303v: (Luke) The Annunciation and the Visitation. --Folio 313: (John) Five scenes, from top to bottom: (a) Christ in Majesty, holding orb representing the world in one hand and the other raised in blessing. (b) Christ preaching to group of figures. (c) Betrayal of Christ by Judas. (d) The Crucifixion. (e) The Resurrection. --Folio 320v: (Romans) Paul preaching to a group of figures. --Folio 324v: (I Corinthians) Paul preaching to a group of figures. --Folio 328: (II Corinthians) Paul preaching to a group of figures. --Folio 330v: (Galatians) Paul preaching to a group of figures. --Folio 332v: (Ephesians) Paul preaching to a group of figures. --Folio 333: (Philippians) Paul preaching to a group of figures before the Crucifixion. --Folio 334: (Colossians) Paul preaching to a group of figures. --Folio 334v: (I Thessalonians) Paul preaching to a group of figures. --Folio 335v: (II Thessalonians) Paul preaching to a group of figures. --Folio 336: (I Timothy) Paul preaching to bishops and churchmen. --Folio 337: (II Timothy) Paul preaching to a group of figures, with God above.--Folio 337v: (Titus) Paul holding sword and preaching to group of figures. --Folio 338: (Philemon) Paul preaching to a man. --Folio 338v: Two figures conversing, with dove above (left); two figures conversing, with God above (right). --Folio 341v: (Acts) The Ascension. --Folio 352: (James) Christ in Majesty, above a tree with birds (top); James, with scallop shells on hat and tunic and holding pilgrim staff. --Folio 353: (I Peter) Peter preaching to a man and holding a key. --Folio 354: (II Peter) Peter preaching to a man and holding a key. --Folio 355: (I John) John holding quill, with God above. --Folio 355v. (II John) Christ carrying book and conversing with John, holding quill. --Folio 356: (III John) John holding quill in one hand and book with the other. --Folio 356: (Jude) Jude with arms raised. --Folio 356v: (Revelation) Angel showing John the heavenly city.This description was adapted (2021) from the following sources: T.K. Abbott, 'Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin' (Dublin, 1900), no. 35 --M.L. Colker, 'Trinity College Library Dublin Descriptive Catalogue of the Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin Manuscripts' (Aldershot, 1991), no. 35 --L.F. Sandler, 'Gothic Manuscripts, 1285-1385', A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles 5, (London, 1986), no. 83.
Bibliography
  • This description was adapted (2021) from the following sources:T.K. Abbott, 'Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin' (Dublin, 1900), no. 35M.L. Colker, 'Trinity College Library Dublin Descriptive Catalogue of the Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin Manuscripts' (Aldershot, 1991), no. 35L.F. Sandler, 'Gothic Manuscripts, 1285-1385', A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles 5, (London, 1986), no. 83. For TCD MS 35, see B. Lambert, 'Bibliotheca Hieronymiana Manuscripta, Instrumenta Patristica' 4, (Steenbrugge, 1959-1972), 4 vols, no. 53 bibliography; L.F. Sandler, 'Gothic Manuscripts, 1285-1385', A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles 5, (London, 1986), no. 83, 1:28, 32, 62 with plates 211 and 216, 2:90-91, 94; A.G. Watson, 'A Descriptive Catalogue of of the Medieval Manuscripts of All Souls College Oxford', (Oxford, 1997), 16.
Provenance
  • MS entered the collections of Trinity College Dublin by 1670, with the manuscript probably featuring in the 17th-century catalogue of books of the Library as item no. D.1.3 from volume size and content description in entry, 'Biblia sacra ex versione S[anc]ti Hieronymi in folio membr; et de nominibus Hebraius' (TCD MS 1, formerly Mun/Lib/1/1-3).
Sponsor
  • This digitisation work was made possible by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York.
Subject
Keyword
Format
Resource type
Medium
  • ink
  • colored ink
Support
  • leather
  • parchment (animal material)
  • marbled paper
Culture
  • English
Digital Object Id
  • MS35_001
Source
  • 0152462

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