Liber Hymnorum. IE TCD MS 1441 Public Deposited

Liber Hymnorum. IE TCD MS 1441

Shelf Mark/Reference Number
  • IE TCD MS 1441 ; former shelf marks E.4.2 ; 501 ; I.125 ; P.1.10
Rights statement
  • Copyright The Board of Trinity College Dublin. Images are available for single-use academic application only. Publication, transmission or display is prohibited without formal written approval of the Library of Trinity College, Dublin.
Date Created
  • approximately 1000
Physical extent
  • 266mm x 203mm approximately
  • 34 folios, with 3 fragments bound in at end
  • The Liber Hymnorum, IE TCD MS 1441, c. 1000, is a compilation of hymns and devotional texts in Irish and in Latin. Books of hymns are known from the earliest period of the Irish church, the most significant being the late seventh-century Antiphonary of Bangor. The collection in the Liber Hymnorum is antiquarian rather than liturgical, each text accompanied by explanatory notes and glosses. Some of the hymns (without musical notation) dedicated to Patrick, Brigit and Colum Cille, date as far back as the sixth and seventh centuries. The Latin texts are written in a rounded majuscule, while the Irish texts are in angular minuscule. Please see the Manuscripts & Archives Research Library’s catalogue entry for the manuscript here:
  • Bound for the Library by Roger Powell in alum tawed pigskin and oak boards.
  • For IE TCD MS 1441 see Bernard and Atkinson o.c. with plates; 'Analecta Hymnica Medii Aeui', edd. G.M. Dreves et al., (Leipzig, 1886-1922), repr. (New York and London, 1955), 55 volumes, 19:98, 173, 222, and 51:328, 330, 346; J. Mearns, 'Early Latin Hymnaries', (Cambridge, 1913), repr. 1970, xi; T.K. Abbott and E.J. Gwynn, 'Catalogue of the Irish Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin', (Dublin and London, 1921), 320-322 (references to earlier literature about TCD MS 1441 on p. 322); C. Plummer, 'Miscellanea Hagiographica Hibernica', Subsidia Hagiographica 15, (Brussels, 1925), 232-233; J.F. Kenney, 'The Sources for the Early History of Ireland: Ecclesiastical', (Dublin, 1929), repr. (Dublin, 1979), nos. 102, 132, 148, 574; W.H. Frere et al., 'Bibliotheca Musico-Liturgica', Plainsong and Medieval Music Society, 1901-1932, 2 volumes, no. 743; Ludwig Bieler, The Irish Book on hymns: a palaeographical study, Scriptorium 2:2 (1948): 177-194 with plates, his 'Codices Patriciani Latini', (Dublin, 1942), no. 15 and p. 71, also in 'Sacris Erudiri' 22 (1974-1975) 81, and in 'Lateinische Dichtungen' (see on [28]) 50, 52-53; W. O'Sullivan in 'Hermathena' no. 88 (1956) 53; R.O. Dougan, 'A Descriptive Guide to Twenty Irish Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College Dublin', second edition, (Dublin, 1958), no. 8; F. Henry (with G.L. Marsh-Micheli) in 'Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy' 62 Sec. C (1961-1963) 111, 129-136 with pls. vii a, viii, ix a-d, x a-c, xv b, and Henry in 'Irish Art in the Romanesque Period' (1020-1170 A.D.), (London, 1970), 48, 56-60, 120-121, monochrome pls. 2, 3, also F. Henry and G. Marsh-Micheli, 'Studies in Early Christian and Medieval Irish Art' 2, (London, 1984), 181, 191, 201, 211-217, 224, with illustrs.; B. Bischoff, 'Mittelalterliche Studien' 1, (Stuttgart, 1966), 257; A. Gwynn in 'Irish Ecclesiastical Record', 5th ser., 105 (1966) 359; E. Coccia in 'Studi medievali', 3rd ser., 8 (1967) 292-316; K. Gamber, 'Codices Liturgici Latini Antiquiores', Spicilegii Friburgensis Subsidia 1, (Freiburg, Switzerland, 1968), 1:151-152; F. Brunhölzl, 'Geschichte der lateinischen Literatur des Mittelalters' 1, (Munich, 1975), 164-168; Patrologia Latina Supplement loc. cit.; P. Salmon in 'Revue Bénédictine' 86 (1976) 226; T.J. Brown in 'Die Iren und Europa im früheren Mittelalter', ed. H. Löwe, (Stuttgart, 1982), 1:118-119 with n.22; T. O'Neill, 'The Irish Hand', (Dublin, 1984), 24 with facing pl., 69 with pl., 98; C. Leonardi in 'Medioevo latino' 5 (1984) no. 2790; L.E. Boyle, 'Medieval Latin Palaeography: A Bibliographical Introduction', (Toronto, 1984), no. 616; M. Lapidge and R. Sharpe, 'A Bibliography of Celtic-Latin Literature 400-1200', Royal Irish Academy Dictionary of Medieval Latin from Celtic Sources Ancillary Publications 1, (Dublin 1985), 142, 147, and nos. 542-564, 578-591; J. Stevenson in F.E. Warren, 'The Liturgy and Ritual of the Celtic Church', 2nd edn., (Woodbridge, 1987), lxxxiv, lxxxviii, lxxxix; Warren ib. 194-197. J. H. Bernard and Robert Atkinson (ed. and tr.), 'The Irish Liber hymnorum', 2 volumes, Henry Bradshaw Society 13, 14, (London: Henry Bradshaw Society, 1898); James Henthorn Todd, 'Leabhar imuinn: the Book of Hymns of the ancient Irish Church', 2 volumes, (Dublin: Irish Archaeological and Celtic Society, 1855-1869); Ernst Windisch (ed.), Irische Texte mit Wörterbuch, 4 volumes, volume 1, (Leipzig, 1880); Whitley Stokes and John Strachan (eds.), 'Thesaurus palaeohibernicus: a collection of Old-Irish glosses, scholia, prose, and verse', 3 volumes, volume 2: Non-Biblical glosses and scholia; Old-Irish prose; names of persons and places; inscriptions; verse; indexes, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1903); William O'Sullivan, 'Notes on the Trinity Liber Hymnorum' in Roger Powell: the compleat binder, 'Bibliologia' 14, Brepols (Turnhout, 1996), pp. 130-135. B.J. Muir, 'A Pre-Conquest English Prayer Book' (British Library MSS Cotton Galba A.xiv and Nero A.ii (ff. 3-13), Henry Bradshaw Society 103, (Woodbridge, 1988), 32-39, prints the Altus Prosator, with use of TCD MS 1441. See also E. Coccia in 'Studi medievali', ser. 3, volume 8, (1967) 292-293; P. Harbison, H. Potterton, and J. Sheehy, 'Irish Art and Architecture from Prehistory to the Present', (London, 1978) 56; L. Bieler, 'Ireland and the Culture of Early Medieval Europe' [a reprint of earlier papers by Bieler], ed. R. Sharpe, (London, 1987) VIII 177-187, IX 117; M. Esposito, 'Latin Learning in Mediaeval Ireland' [a reprint of earlier papers by Esposito], ed. M. Lapidge, (London, 1988) I 520-522, IV 231 n.18, VII 124 n.23, p. 142; B.J. Muir, cit. supra, xxx; G. Hendrix in 'Scriptorium' 44 (1990) no. 715; J. Brown, 'A Palaeographer's View: Selected Writings of Julian Brown', edd. J. Bately, M. Brown, J. Roberts, (London and New York, 1993) 220; D.N. Dumville, L. Abrams, et al., 'Saint Patrick, A.D. 493-1993', (Woodbridge, 1993), see index p. 319; M.D. Reeve, review of M.L. Colker, 'Trinity College Library Dublin, Descriptive Catalogue of the Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin Manuscripts', in The Journal of Ecclesiastical History 45 (1994), 690; D.R. Howlett, 'The Celtic Latin Tradition of Biblical Style', (Dublin, 1995), 178-179; W. O'Sullivan, 'Notes on the Trinity Liber Hymnorum', in Roger Powell: The Compleat Binder, (Turnhout, 1996) 130-134; M. Budny, 'Insular, Anglo-Saxon and Early Anglo-Norman Manuscript Art at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge', volume 1 (of 2 volumes), Kalamazoo, 1997), 788; C. Davis, 'Illumination: The Irish School', (New York, 1998) 76, with fig.; P.V. Brannon, 'Medieval Ireland: Music in Cathedral, Church and Cloister', in Early Music 28 (2000), 194, with plate (p. 197); M. McNamara, 'The Psalms in the Early Irish Church', (Sheffield, 2000) 77-78; C.D. Wright in 'The Journal of Medieval Latin' 10 (2000) 124; A. Buckley, 'Celtic Chant', in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, volume 5, (Oxford, 2001) 342, 346; 'Medioevo latino' 22 (2001) no. 6282; A. Buckley, 'Music in Ireland to c.1500', in A New History of Ireland, volume 1, ed. D. Ó Cróinín, (Oxford, 2005) 780, 797; W. O'Sullivan, 'Manuscripts and Palaeography', in A New History of Ireland, volume 1, ed. D. Ó Cróinín, (Oxford, 2005) 532, pl. 47.
Finding aid
  • This manuscript has been in Trinity College Library since the seventeenth century, and is believed to have been in the possession of James Ussher.
Resource type
  • ink
  • colored ink
  • pigskin
  • vellum (parchment)
  • Irish
Digital Object Id
  • MS1441_01
  • 0125361


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