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Astrological and astronomical treatises. IE TCD MS 397 Public Deposited

Astrological and astronomical treatises. IE TCD MS 397

Shelf Mark/Reference Number
  • IE TCD MS 397
Location
Creator
Rights statement
  • Copyright The Board of Trinity College Dublin. Images are available for single-use academic application only. Publication, transmission or display is prohibited without formal written approval of the Library of Trinity College, Dublin.
Publisher location
  • [Place of creation unidentified]
Date Created
  • [between approximately 1400-1499]
Physical extent
  • 143 folios ; 21 x 14.3 cm. max. ; 14.5 x 9 cm. min.
Language
Abstract
  • [1] Digitised version of IE TCD MS 397, a 15th century manuscript containing astrological and astronomical treatises, in two main parts described here as Part A and Part B. [2] Part A: Folios 3-10v: (1) Petrus De Abano, De Motu Octaue Spere (L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, 'A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin', second edition, Mediaeval Academy of America, (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1963), 1283): Incipit liber Thebith (!) de motu octaue sphere. Quoniam iuxta Ptholomeum rerum quippe causas. Ends with astronomical figures. On 10 appears the author's statement that the present year is 1384. That (1) is not a Latin version of Thabit ben Qurra seems evident from the edition of F.J. Carmody, 'The Astronomical Works of Thabit b. Qurra', (Berkeley, 1960), 102-113, which begins: Imaginabor speram equatoris (equinoctii) et tres circulos. 1, 2rv originally blank; 1v blank. Folios 11-39v: (2) Ps. Ptolemaeus, Centiloquium, with Haly Abenrudianus (ibn Ridwan), Super Ptolemaei Centiloquium, tr. Iohannes Hispalensis (pr. Venice 1493, 107-116v; L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, 'A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin', 1403): Comentator libri centum uerborum philosophi qui dicitur fuisse Hally philosophus. Dixit Ptholomeus Iam scripsi tibi - Accipe ergo eum bono lumine. 11-39v Scientia stellarum ex te et illis est - Ex Aquina ciuitatum eiusdem climatis Et ego deum deprecor ut te diligat. Perfecta est huius libri translatio 17 die mensis Marcii 13 die mensis Gumendi (!) anno Arabum 5202 (!). Deo gratias amen. Explicit liber 100 uerborum Ptholomei siue centiloquii cum commento Hally phylosophi. Folios 39v-40: (3) De Infusione Spermatis Secundum Ptholomeum Et Hermetem, with (4) De Concepcione Secundum Abraham (other copies of both works in TCD MS 399; (3)-(4) ed. L. Thorndike in 'Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes' 20 [1957] 129; L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, 'A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin', 444-445): (3) De infusione spermatis secundum Ptholomeum et Hermetem. 39v-40 Dixit Ptholomeus et Hermes quod locus lune scilicet signum - erit ascendens uerticis error in hoc. (4) 40 Dixit magister Habraham Isbede ut gradus ascens hora infusionis spermatis non ex toto locus - expertus fuit multotiens. Abraham's second name (here Isbede) varies in the manuscripts: see Thorndike t.c. 128-129. Folios 40v-41. (5) De Cometis (another copy in TCD MS 399; L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, 'A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin', 1147): Ptholomeus dixit quod stelle cum caudis sunt 9 - diuitibus apparebit etc. Folios 41rv: (6)-(10) Short pieces: 41. (6) Note citing Albumazar to the effect that the Chaldaeans were the first astronomers and Noah the first astrologer: Abumasar (!) in suo libro magni introductorii tractatu quod dum Noe exisset ex archa - Noe fuit primus astrologus. (7) About chronology: Quedam notanda sequuntur{u0085} Scias quod a destructione Troye usque ad edificationem Rome fuerint anni 475 - inter destructionem Troye et aduentum Christi. Calculates the intervals from fall of Troy to founding of Rome, from founding of Rome to birth of Alexander, from birth of Alexander to birth of Christ. The founding of Padua by Antenor is mentioned, and Padua is thereby said to be older than Rome. 41v. (8) Piece of verse: Carmina reperta super ensem regis Antenoris. Cum super assumes tibi - Auxilium a superis subito tibi nunc clamm(o ?). (9) De Diebus Infoelicibus: Notabile de diebus infoelicibus. Plures experti sunt sapientes hos tres dies anni in incoeptionibus (!) operum esse ualde infoelices scilicet ultimus dies G Aprilis, primus dies G Augusti, et ultimus dies G Decembris. (10) De Coniunctionibus: Notabile de coniunctionibus. xvia coniunctio anni coniunctione indicante diluuium fuit sub ymagine - mundus ardebit et consummabitur. Folios 41v-45: (11) Girgit, De Mansionibus Lune (another copy in Oxford Magdalen 182; L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin, 965): Incipit liber Girgit. Nunc incipiam rationes librorum que apparent uisibili - monstrabit tibi mansionem sui etc. Explicit liber Girgit de mansionibus lune. Finis. Folios 45-49: (12) Profatius, De Aspectibus Lune (L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, 'A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin', 569, H. Walther, 'Initia Carminum Ac Versuum Medii Aeui Posterioris Latinorum', Carmina Medii Aeui Posterioris Latina 1, (Göttingen, 1959), with supplement (Göttingen, 1969), no. 6819): Iudicia aspectuum planetarum inuenta in libro quadripartiti Ptholomei. Fortunata dies ad agenda negotia regum - prosperitatis opus. Finis. Explicit liber iudiciorum secundum quadripartitum Ptholomei de aspectibus lune ad solem et ad ceteros planetas ad diuersa opera efficienda et uitanda que quotidie nobis accident etc. Folios 49v-54v: (13) Ps. Hippocrates, De Medicorum Astrologia (pr. Lyons 1500; L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, 'A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin', 454): Incipit liber Ypocratis de iudiciis infirmorum etc. 49v Dixit Ypocras, qui fuit medicus et uir optimus, Qui astronomiam ignorat nullus debet se committere in manibus eius - nunc autem uideamus naturam omnium signorum. 49v-54v Quum infirmitas cuique acciderit - non morietur infirmus etc. Explicit liber Ypocratis de iudiciis infirmorum. Finis. Folios 54v-63v. (14) Ps. Aristoteles, De Mundo (ed. W.L. Lorimer, (Oxford, 1924), even pp. 40-94; G. Lacombe et al., 'Aristoteles Latinus', Pars Prior, second edition, (Bruges and Paris, 1957); Pars Posterior, (Cambridge, 1955), 1:89, L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, 'A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin', 891): Incipit liber Aristotelis de mundo ad Alexandrum. 54v-55 Multotiens mihi, Alexander, uere phylosophia uisa - donis optimos iungere conuenit. Explicit prologus, incipit narratio siue exordium. 55-63v Mundus quidem igitur est consistentia ex celo et terra - confestim particeps erit. Explicit liber Aristotilis de mundo ad Alexandrum. Finis. Lorimer, o.c. 25-26, discusses this version. He declares (o.c. 25) that he knows of only three full representatives of this text (F = Laurentian Med. plut. 13 sin. 6; W = Wolfenbüttel Helmst. 488; P = Padua Antonianus scaff. 17 cod. 370, which is 13/14th century) and some notes reporting this version in Vienna phil. gr. 231. Lacombe 1:89 n.2 mentions the three full manuscripts and Vienna Dominican Library 121; L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, 'A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin', 891 indicate another full text in Basle F.II.6. Lorimer's apparatus cites the Padua manuscript selectively, and it is therefore impossible to reach hard conclusions, but it seems that the Dublin text, which we may call D, does not always agree with the Padua or Laurentian texts at cruces: cf. edn. p. 46 line 20 apollonis P appollonis F appolinis WD; edn. p. 66 line 17 miotii F mictu W in ictu P micii D; edn. p. 76 line 6 omni PD omnium FW. Folio 63v: (15) De Mansionibus Lune (pr. Venice 1509; L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, 'A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin', 139), ends imperf. in the account of the first mansio: Incipiunt 28 mansiones lune secundum Aristotilem. Aristotiles plenus quibuslibet artibus dixit uidetur habere 28 mansiones - dixerit amor. 64-65v blank. Folios 66rv: (16) De Lunaria, perhaps an excerpt from some longer work: De lunaria. Borith uel borissa seu lunaria est quedam herba multum preciosa - inuenitur in locis frigidis montium. Té[...]. Folios 66v-68v: (17) Ps. Albertus Magnus, Liber Aggregationis, section De herbis (pr. Antwerp 1504; L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, 'A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin', 1092, 1485, 1486), ends imperf. with the heading of the 13th out of the 16 herbs in the list of contents: Incipit liber Alberti Magni famosissimi philosophi de rebus naturalibus, multas ac uarias res subtiliter includens, prout consideranti et bene intuenti multipliciter ('prestet' corr. from 'prebstet') etc. 67 Sicut dicit philosophus in multis locis, omnis scientia - animalibus et uirtutibus eorum. De herbis. List of contents. 67-68v Prima herba secundum Latinos de Indicis - domus incendio repleatur etc. De uerbena. 69-74v blank. Folios 75-81: (18) About the sphere: '1469 a di 4 Set. [i.e. 4 Sept., in Italian]. Primum capitulum spere. Differentia est inter axem et diametrum quia diameter est illud quod uadit cum spera - moueatur tardius in centro quam circumferentia rote etc. Et hec quantum ad tractatum spere sufficiant (repleth seems added). Discusses, in four chapters, not only spheres but also measures of time and space, and mentions (on 77) Venice and Florence in speaking of the distances of cities from each other. Folios 81-94: (19) Commentary on (18), at least part of which is assigned to Dominicus Bragadinus: Super capitulo primo spere notata per d(ominum) Dominicum Bragadnum (!). Spera dupliciter dicitur in substantialem et sic diuiditur in nouem speras etc. et in speram secundum accidens. Que spera secundum accidens (ut ipse dicit) diuiditur in rectam et obliquam - diametrum suum per minuta 31.2 secunda 22 etc. (19) offers a series of notes on (18), chapter by chapter. Several astronomical diagrams. Concerning Domenico Bragadino see M.E. Cosenza, 'Biographical and Bibliographical Dictionary of the Italian Humanists' 1, (Boston, 1962), 701. The text (86v) cites dominus Campanus [i.e. Campanus Nouariensis] in tractatu de celo. The writer of (18) is mentioned simply as autor. 94-95v, 96v blank; 96, 97 originally blank. [3] Part B: Folios 97v-107v: (20) Iohannes De Sacro Busco, Tractatus Spere (ed. L. Thorndike, 'The Sphere of Sacrobosco and its Commentators', (Chicago, 1949), 76-117; L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, 'A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin', 1524), with introduction from the commentary of Robertus Anglicus (the complete commentary ed. Thorndike o.c. 143-198, the passage in (20) is at Thorndike 143-144; L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, 'A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin', 1596, 1597): Vna scientia est nobilior altera duobus modis - supponatur astrologie (from Robertus Anglicus). 97v Incipit tractatus spere magistri Iouanis (!) de Sacraboscho (!) Anglici etc. 98 Adsit principio uirgo Maria meo. Incipit tractatus spere. Tractatus spere magistri Ioannis de Sacro Buscho Anglici incipit. Tractatu(ri as corrected) quo spera iiii or capitulis distinguimus - de causis eclipsium. 98-107v Spera ab Euclide sic describitur - mundana machina dissoluitur. Deo gracias amen. Explicit tractatus spere editus per magistrum Iouanem (!) de Sacro Boscho Anglici (!). Expleui die 4 mensis Nouembre (!) in Padua mcccco xvi die Mercurii (dscio ?). Explicit tractatus spere editus per magistrum Iouanem (!) de Sacro Boscho. p. d. Several astronomical diagrams; one of these (on 99) is accompanied by rough sketch of a galley. Cf. the colophon of (20) with that of (22). Folios 108-114v: (21) Gerardus De Sabloneto, Theorica Planetarum (ed. F.J. Carmody, (Berkeley, 1942); L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, 'A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin', 223), ends imperf. (ch. 7; edn. p. 42): 108rv Circular astronomical diagrams. 109 In Christ<i> nomine ame<n> et uirgo Mar<ia> in princ<ipio>. Incipit theorica planetarum ('magistri Gerardi Cremonensis' added by another hand). 109-114v Circullus ecentricus (!) uel egresse cuspidis - distancia ipsius a uia (solis declinacio dicitur distancia catchwords). 115rv blank. Folios 116-141v: (22) Andalò di Negro, Theorica Planetarum (L. Thorndike and P. Kibre, 'A Catalogue of Incipits of Mediaeval Scientific Writings in Latin', 883): Adsit princ<ipio> uirgo M<aria> m<eo>. Motus autem solis in teorica planetarum necesssarius est ad inueniendum - ubi est maxima declinacio diametri k.h. Explicit quem (this 'quem' without antecedent in the MS) scrisit (!) Petrus d. anno domini nostri Yesu Christi perfecit 1418 die 20 mensis Aprilis anno a natiuitate mea 23, gratias referens omnipotenti et matri sue die Mercurii. With astronomical diagrams. Folio 141v: (23)-(24) Short pieces: (23) About movement of planets: Fiat planeta septemtrionalis cum transit Cum ergo planeta transit per dictam abscisionem - erit meridionalis ascendens. (24) About when the moon is southern and northern: Luna fit meridonalis (!) et septemtrionalis secundum istum modum. Cum luna mouetur a capite uersus caudam - et in domo et exstra (!) domum. 142-143 blank, 143v originally blank. [4] Dating note: Part A: 15th century (second half), (18) is dated 1469. Domenico Bragadino, mentioned in (19), taught at Venice in second half of 15th century; Part B: 1416-1418. [5] Layout: Part A: 25 lines; ruling by hard point. Part B: c37 lines; frame ruling. [6] Script: Current writing. Part A: more than one hand. Part B: single hand. [7] Corrections and Additions: Part B: 15th-century corrections and notes. 1 has 'Theorica de Campano cum aliis / libri (!) in astronomia' (15/16th century). 2 has 16th-century list of contents of the codex. 2v has 'Liber D. Grimani cardinalis S. Marci'. About this cardinal see the description of TCD MS 162. 143v has horoscope (15th century) without any title. Pen-trials: 15th century (on 1, 97). [8] Collation analysis: 2, i-vii(12) viii(14) (lacks 10-14) ix(20) x(12) xi(14) xii(2). Catchwords, Part B: quires lettered. [9] Decoration: Part B: initials red, capitals marked with red. Watermarks: Part A: cross rises from circle, in which is star (45v), cf. C.M. Briquet, 'Les filigranes', (Paris, 1907), facsimile of this edition with supplementary material prepared by A. Stevenson, (Amsterdam, 1968), 4 volumes, nos. 6077, 6082; scales in circle (73v), cf. C.M. Briquet, 'Les filigranes', no. 2445; Part B: cross rises from central peak of triple mount, cf. C.M. Briquet, 'Les filigranes', nos. 11669 sqq.).
Note
  • Former shelfmarks: Lyon: D.2.16 ; Bernard: 753 ; Foley: H.16 ; c1670: M.1.19 ; Ussher: GGG.67
Biographical note
  • Albertus Magnus OP (c.1193-15 November 1280), also known as Saint Albert the Great or Albert of Cologne, was a German Dominican friar, philosopher, scientist, and bishop. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albertus_Magnus
  • Hippocrates of Kos (c.460-c.370 BC), also known as Hippocrates II, was a Greek physician of the Age of Pericles (Classical Greece), who is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hippocrates
  • Andalò del Negro (Genoa, 1260-Naples, 1334) was a medieval Italian astronomer and geographer.
  • Claudius Ptolemy (Latin: Claudius Ptolemaeus; c.100-c.170 AD) was a mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, geographer, and music theorist. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemy
  • Petrus de Abano, also known as Pietro d'Abano, Petrus de Apono, Petrus Aponensis or Peter of Abano (c.1250-1315), was an Italian philosopher, astrologer, and professor of medicine in Padua. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pietro_d%27Abano
  • Johannes de Sacrobosco, also written Ioannes de Sacro Bosco, later called John of Holywood or John of Holybush (c.1195- c.1256), was a scholar, monk, and astronomer who taught at the University of Paris. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_de_Sacrobosco
  • Gerardo da Sabbioneta (Latin: Girardus de Sabloneta Cremonensis) was a 13th century astrologist, astronomist, and Italian translator born in Sabbioneta.
  • Jacob ben Machir ibn Tibbon (Hebrew: יעקב בן מכיר ~ן תיבון), of the Ibn Tibbon family, also known as Prophatius or Profatius. Jewish astronomer; born, probably at Marseilles, about 1236; died at Montpellier about 1304. He was a grandson of Samuel ben Judah ibn Tibbon. His Provençal name was Don Profiat Tibbon; the Latin writers called him Profatius Judæus. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_ben_Machir_ibn_Tibbon
  • Aristotle (384-322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and polymath during the Classical period in Ancient Greece. See: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aristotle
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Bibliography
  • For IE TCD MS 397 see W. O'Sullivan in 'Hermathena' no. 88 (1956) 43; H.A. Diels, 'Die Handschriften der antiken Ärzte', (Leipzig, 1970), part 1, page 45.
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  • colored ink
  • ink
Support
  • leather
  • paper (fiber product)
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  • b197283299

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