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Lives of Saints, etc. IE TCD MS 174 Public Deposited

Lives of Saints, etc. IE TCD MS 174

Shelf Mark/Reference Number
  • IE TCD MS 174 ; former shelfmarks: Lyon: B.4.3 ; Bernard: 478 ; Foley: H.5 ; c1670: N.1.8 ; Ussher: HHH.53
Location
Creator
Contributors
DOI
Rights statement
  • Copyright The Board of Trinity College Dublin. Images are available for single-use academic application only. Publication, transmission or display is prohibited without formal written approval of the Library of Trinity College, Dublin.
Copyright status
Date Created
  • between approximately 1078-1125
Language
Abstract
  • IE TCD MS 174, Lives of Saints, etc. is a passional (imperfect) from around 1078-1125, featuring a collection of lives of saints (legenda sanctorum) for liturgical readings throughout the year. Written at Old Sarum sometime between the late 11th and early 12th centuries and formed part of the foundation collection of Salisbury Cathedral. The passional was originally compiled in four volumes, listed as item nos. 157-160 in the 1622 catalogue of the cathedral library produced by Patrick Young (1584-1652), royal librarian to Kings James I and Charles I of England. The three companion volumes are now housed by Salisbury Cathedral as MSS 221-223 (formerly Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Fell 1-4). Salisbury MSS 221 and 223 mainly represent the liturgical calendar from January to June, MS 222 represents July to October, and TCD MS 174 represents mainly April to December. The multi-volume passional may have been copied in stages from an earlier model produced between the mid-11th and early 12th centuries at Worcester Cathedral Priory (surviving volumes now London, British Library MS Cotton Nero E I and Cambridge, Corpus Christi College MS 9) (T. Webber, 'Scribes and Scholars at Salisbury Cathedral c. 1075-c. 1125' (Oxford, 1992), 40). Foliation: ii+124 leaves (i-ii, 124 are medieval parchment flyleaves). In Latin and Old English. For further information see the Maunscripts & Archives Research Library’s catalogue entry for the manuscript here: https://manuscripts.catalogue.tcd.ie/CalmView/Record.aspx?src=CalmView.Catalog&id=IE+TCD+MS+174&pos=1
Provenance
  • MS 174 begun at Old Sarum Cathedral following the first establishment of canons by St Osmond, bishop of Salisbury (r. 1078-1099) with ownership demonstrated by Old English inscription on flyleaf (i), ‘of searbyrig ic eom’ (I am of Salisbury), in English Vernacular minuscule hand. The MS is listed as item no. 160, ‘Vita et miracula S. Andreae’, on Patrick Young’s 1622 catalogue of Salisbury Cathedral manuscripts. The volume remained at Salisbury until it was borrowed in 1640 as the fifth of six manuscripts by The Most Reverend James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland (r. 1625-1656), as evident from a memorandum now at Salisbury: ‘Bookes borrowed out of the Library of that Church of Sarum for the use of the Lord Primate of Ireland: and delivered by Dr. Baylie dean of the Church unto his Grace...The fifth beginning thus. Incipiunt capitulae de libro Miraculorum sancti Andreae. And ending - Qui nos ad principium huius diei peruenire fecisti, tua nos’. The memorandum is followed by an acknowledgement of the receipt of the six books, signed by Ussher and dated 30 September 1640 (N.R. Ker, ‘Books, Collectors and Libraries: Studies in the Medieval Heritage’ (London, 1985), 181). In quoting the end of the text as it now appears (123v), the memorandum shows that the injury to the leaf had existed in the time of Ussher. The volume was then reportedly stolen from Ussher’s house in Chelsea in 1643, but later recovered and returned to Ussher (Ker o.c., 182-183). MS features the shelfmark of Ussher’s book collection, ‘HHH.53’ on flyleaf (ii). The Ussher library was gifted by King Charles II to Trinity College Dublin in 1661.
Sponsor
  • Digitisation work was made possible by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York.
Subject
Keyword
Format
Resource type
Medium
  • ink
Support
  • parchment (animal material)
  • vellum (parchment)
Culture
  • English
Digital Object Id
  • MS174_001
Source
  • 0152375

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