Work

 

Book of Armagh. IE TCD MS 52 Public Deposited

Book of Armagh. IE TCD MS 52

Alternative title
  • Canon of Patrick
  • Liber Ardmachanus
  • Codex Ardmachanus
Shelf Mark/Reference Number
  • IE TCD MS 52
Location
Creator
Contributor
DOI
Rights statement
  • Copyright The Board of Trinity College Dublin. Images are available for single-use academic application only. Publication, transmission or display is prohibited without formal written approval of the Library of Trinity College, Dublin.
Publisher location
  • Ireland
Date Created
  • circa 807
Physical extent
  • c195mm x 145mm
  • 215 leaves
Language
Abstract
  • IE TCD MS 52, the Book of Armagh or Codex Ardmachanus, also known as the Canon of Patrick and the Liber Ardmachanus, is a 9th-century Irish illuminated manuscript; it was at least partly written by Ferdomnach for Torbach, and is one of the very few manuscripts of early Ireland that can be dated with near precision at to approximately 807. The manuscript, in Latin and Irish, contains early texts relating to St. Patrick, and some of the oldest surviving specimens of Old Irish; it is one of the earliest manuscripts produced by an insular church to contain a near complete copy of the New Testament. Written in Irish minuscule script. The foliation that is used is the one inscribed in ink in the manuscript and takes into consideration the loss of leaves 1, 42-45 [M.L. Colker noted that folios 41-46 are missing (see 'Trinity College Dublin Library: Descriptive Catalogue of the Medieval and Renaissance Latin Manuscripts', (Dublin, 1991)). However, according to E. Gwynn ('Book of Armagh: the Patrician Documents', (Dublin, 1937) and E.A. Lowe ('Codices Latini Antiquiores' 2, (Oxford, 1972)), folios 42, 43, 44 and 45 (leaves 41-44) are missing, and the folio numbered in ink as '45' is actually folio 46; meaning the folio numbered as ‘46’ should be 47, 47 should be 48, and so on up to the folio marked as ’221’ which should be 222. E. Gwynn in 'Book of Armagh: the Patrician Documents', states that when foliating the manuscript, 'Mr Brownlaw, supposing that only three leaves were lost after f. 41, numbers the next extant leaf '45' (instead of 46), and so on to the 222nd and last leaf, which he marks '221''. In Latin are: The New Testament, with the Letter to the Laodiceans preceded and followed by texts of and about St Patrick and St Martin of Tours. In Irish are: Folios 2-24 some glosses on Patrician documents. Published by Whitley Stokes in 'Thesaurus Palaeo-Hibernicus', volume two, 45; folios 17 column 1 to 18 column 2 Tírechán's annotations on the Life of St Patrick, published with translation by Whitley Stokes in 'Goidelica', second edition, (1872), 83-, and in 'Thesaurus Palaeo-Hibernicus' 2, 238; folios 31-190 Biblical glosses on gospels and Acts, see 'Thesaurus Palaeo-Hibernicus' 1, 474-478. Latin sections are described as follows in Marvin L. Colker, 'Trinity College Dublin Library: Descriptive Catalogue of the Medieval and Renaissance Latin Manuscripts', (Dublin, 1991): See the diplomatic edn. in J. Gwynn, 'Liber Ardmhachanus', (Dublin, 1917) and the photographic reproductions of 2-24v in E. Gwynn, 'Facsimiles in Collotype of Irish Manuscripts 3: Book of Armagh, The Patrician Documents', (Dublin, 1937); see also M. Lapidge and R. Sharpe, 'A Bibliography of Celtic-Latin Literature 400-1200', Royal Irish Academy Dictionary of Medieval Latin from Celtic Sources Ancillary Publications 1, (Dublin, 1985), pp. 9-10, 103, 141 and nos. 25, 301, 303, 354-360, 526, 538-539, 616. Patrician texts in the Book of Armagh are edited by L. Bieler, 'Scriptores Latini Hiberniae' 10, (Dublin, 1979). The foliation that is used below is the one inscribed in ink in the manuscript and takes into consideration the loss of leaves 1, 42-45. Folios 2-8v: (1) Muirchú maccu Machtheni, Vita S. Patricii ('Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina', edd. Socii Bollandiani, (Brussels, 1898-1901), 3 volumes, no. 6497; J.F. Kenney, 'The Sources for the Early History of Ireland: Ecclisiastical', (Dublin, 1929), repr. (Dublin, 1979), no. 128; E. Dekkers and A. Gaar, 'Clauis Patrum Latinorum', second edition, ('Sacris Erudiri' 3, (Steenbrugge, 1961), no. 1105), beg. imperf. (1rv lost). Preface and list of contents on 20rv. Folios 8v-9: (2) Short pieces about Patrick's life. Folio 9: (3) Dicta Patricii (so headed here; 'Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina', no. 6494, J.F. Kenney, 'The Sources for the Early History of Ireland: Ecclisiastical', no. 129, E. Dekkers and A. Gaar, 'Clauis Patrum Latinorum', no. 1104). Folios 9-15v: (4) Tirechanus, Collectanea De Vita S. Patricii ('Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina', no. 6496, J.F. Kenney, 'The Sources for the Early History of Ireland: Ecclisiastical', no. 127, E. Dekkers and A. Gaar, 'Clauis Patrum Latinorum', no. 1105). Folios 15v-19: (5) Cf. J.F. Kenney, 'The Sources for the Early History of Ireland: Ecclisiastical', no. 129: Short pieces relevant to St Patrick, especially about grants associated with him, partly in Irish. 19v blank. Folio 16v: (6) added. Entry of A.D. 1004, whereby the prerogatives of the see of Armagh are confirmed by Brian Borumha, the Ard Righ. Folios 20rv: See on (1) above. Folios 20v-22: (7) Liber Angeli ('Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina', no. 6500, J.F. Kenney, 'The Sources for the Early History of Ireland: Ecclisiastical', no. 130). D.R. Howlett edited the 'Liber Angeli' in Peritia 12 (1998) 254-270, with use of TCD MS 52. Folios 22-24v: (8) Patricius, Confessio (ed. L. Bieler, 'Libri Epistolarum Sancti Patricii Episcopi' 1, (Dublin, 1952), 56-91, with use of TCD MS 52; edd. R.P.C. Hanson and C. Blanc, 'Sources chrétiennes', (Paris, 1978), 70-132, with use of TCD MS 52; 'Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina', no. 6492, J.F. Kenney, 'The Sources for the Early History of Ireland: Ecclisiastical', no. 29, E. Dekkers and A. Gaar, 'Clauis Patrum Latinorum', no. 1100). L. Bieler, 'Libri Epistolarum Sancti Patricii', (Dublin, 1993), edited the Confessio with use of TCD MS 52. D.R. Howlett edited with translation 'Liber Epistolarum Sancti Patricii Episcopi', (Dublin, 1994). Howlett's edition is based on the text of L. Bieler (see Howlett p. 15). Folios 25-191: (9) New Testament with canon tables (26-29), prefaces, and interpretations of Hebrew names. (9) is important as the only surviving early Irish manuscript of the complete New Testament. The text makes much use of a Vetus Latina version: see J. Stevenson in F.E. Warren, 'The Liturgy and Ritual of the Celtic Church', second edition, (Woodbridge, 1987), lxxvi. The order of books is: Gospels, Pauline epistles, catholic epistles, Revelation, Acts. Along with the Pauline epistles is the apocryphal Epistle to the Laodiceans. 42-45v are lost. For the collect Deus inmensae clementiae atque ineffabilis pietatis submissa uoce rogare presumo see Warren o.c. 174. H.I. Vogels, 'Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum' 81.1 (1966), used TCD MS 52 for his edition of the Ad Romanos part of Ambrosiaster's commentary on the Pauline letters. In TCD MS 52, at the end of Mark and Luke (also on 215 and 221), the scribe records his name as Ferdomnach, and on 53v he indicates that his writing was done at the bidding of Torbach. The Annals of Ulster declare that Ferdomnach scriba optimus died 845. Torbach was abbot of Armagh 807-808. Folios 105, 150rv, 160, 191v blank, and 105v blank except for quire-number. Folio 104: (10) Extracts from Gregory. Folios 104v-191v: (see above). Folios 192-201: (11) Sulpicius Seuerus, Vita S. Martini (ed. J. Fontaine, 'Sources chrétiennes', 1, (Paris, 1967), 248-316, with use of TCD MS 52; 'Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina' no. 5610, E. Dekkers and A. Gaar, 'Clauis Patrum Latinorum', no. 475). Folios 201v- 220: (12) Sulpicius Seuerus, Dialogi De S. Martino (ed. C. Halm, 'Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum' 1 [1866] 152-216; 'Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina', nos. 5614-5616, E. Dekkers and A. Gaar, 'Clauis Patrum Latinorum', no. 477). Folios 220v- 221: (13) Sulpicius Seuerus, Epistola Ad Eusebium (ed. Fontaine t.c. 316-324, with use of TCD MS 52; 'Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina', no. 5611, E. Dekkers and A. Gaar, 'Clauis Patrum Latinorum', no. 476). Folios 221v-222v: (14) Sulpicius Seuerus, Epistola Ad Aurelium (ed. Fontaine t.c. 324-334, with use of TCD MS 52; 'Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina', no. 5612, E. Dekkers and A. Gaar, 'Clauis Patrum Latinorum', no. 476). Folio 222v: (15) Prayer: Te domine sancte pater omnipotens ante saecula sine initio per unigenitum filium tuum - praemia in caelesti gaudio inuenire merear per omnia saecula saeculorum amen. Decoration includes pen-and-ink drawings of symbols of the evangelists and coloured initials. On 170 is a diagrammatic view of Jerusalem with its twelve gates. For a detailed summary of the decoration of IE TCD MS 52 see J.J.G. Alexander, 'Insular Manuscripts 6th to the 9th Century', A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles 1, (London, 1978), 76-77. Please see the Manuscripts & Archives Research Library’s catalogue entry for the manuscript here: https://manuscripts.catalogue.tcd.ie/CalmView/Record.aspx?src=CalmView.Catalog&id=IE+TCD+MS+52&pos=1
Note
  • According to the Minute Book of Trinity College Dublin Library (TCD MUN/LIB/2), entry for May 1884, C. Bigger rebound the Book of Armagh by direction of Dr Ingram, Librarian. In 1957 the codex was rebound in two volumes in modern vellum by Roger Powell after extensive repairs.
Bibliography
  • Before Bieler’s edition (see sub init.), much of the Book of Armagh had been printed by E. Hogan in 'Analecta Bollandiana' 1 (1882) 531-585 and 'Analecta Bollandiana' 2 (1883) 35-68, 213-238, and by W. Stokes, 'The Tripartite Life of Patrick', Rolls Series, 2, (London, 1887).For TCD MS 52 see also Warren l.c. [on (9)]; Hogan in 'Analecta Bollandiana' 1 (1882) 531-539, 541-544; W.H. Frere et all, 'Bibliotheca Musico-Liturgica', Plainsong and Medieval Music Society, 1901-1932, 2 volumes, number 748; A. Souter, 'Pelagius’s Expositions of Thirteen Epistles of St Paul, Texts and Studies' 9.1, (Cambridge, 1922), 25-26, 262, 338; P. Grosjean in 'Analecta Bollandiana' 46 (1928) 82-83, 'Analecta Bollandiana' 62 (1944) 33-73, 'Analecta Bollandiana' 63 (1945) 100-119, 'Analecta Bollandiana' 76 (1958) 387-396; L. Gougaud in 'Féil-sgribhinn Eóin Mhic Néill', (Dublin, 1940), 321; L. Bieler in 'Analecta Bollandiana' 63 (1945) 243-256, 'Traditio' 6 (1948) 29 and 31, 'Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy' 52 Sec. C (1948-1950) 184 and 209, 'Scriptorium' 3 (1949) 276, ib. (1954) 89-97, ib. 14 (1960) 354-356, ib. 17 (1963) 150, 'Festschrift Bernhard Bischoff', (Stuttgart, 1971), 347 and 361, 'Four Latin Lives of St. Patrick', Scriptores Latini Hiberniae 8, (Dublin, 1971), 45, 'Scriptorium' 26 (1972) 78, 'Anzeiger' of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Phil.-Hist. 111 (1974) 253-273 passim, in 'Sacris Erudiri' 22 [1974-1975] 80, 'The Patrician Texts in the Book of Armagh', 'Scriptores Latini Hiberniae' 10, (Dublin, 1979), 2-56 passim, [p. 60]; P.B. Corbett in 'Scriptorium' 5 (1951) 173; K. Mulchrone in 'Irish Ecclesiastical Record' 79 (1953) 186-193 and in 'Ériu' 18 (1958) 160-163; M. Esposito in 'Irish Historical Studies' 9 (1954) 1-12; R.I. Best in 'Ériu' 18 (1958) 102-107; R.O. Dougan, 'A Descriptive Guide to Twenty Irish Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College Dublin', second edition, (Dublin, 1958), number 7; B. Lambert, 'Bibliotheca Hieronymiana Manuscripta', Instrumenta Patristica 4, (Steenbrugge, 1959-1972), four volumes, number 486; E. Dekkers and A. Gaar, 'Clauis Patrum Latinorum', second edition, (Dublin, 1958), pp. 242-243; P. McGurk in 'Scriptorium' 15 (1961) 13 and in 'Irland und die Christenheit', edd. P. Ní Chatháin and M. Richter, (Stuttgart, 1987), 166-188 passim, with plates; A.N.L. Munby in 'The Book Collector' 15 (1966) 438, 441-442; A. Gwynn in 'Irish Ecclesiastical Record' 105 (1966) 354-356; Vogels t.c. [on (9)] xxx-xxxi; E. Coccia in 'Studi medievali', 3rd series, 8 (1967) 366-370; D.H. Wright, 'The Vespasian Psalter', Early English Manuscripts in Facsimile 14, (Copenhagen, 1967), 65 with n.2; Fontaine t.c. [on (11)] 212-215 passim, 219; K. Gamber, 'Codices Liturgici Latini Antiquiores', Spicilegii Friburgensis Subsidia 1, Freiburg, (Switzerland, 1968), 1:144; M.W. Evans, 'Medieval Drawings', (London and New York, 1969), 21 with pl. 6; D. Powell in 'Analecta Bollandiana' 87 (1969) 387-409, 'Analecta Bollandiana' 90 (1972) 371-385; M. Aubineau in 'Scriptorium' 26 (1972) 133; Lowe t.c. 42 with plate; R.P.C. Hanson in 'Studia Patristica' 12 (1975) 91-95 and 'Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy' 77 Sec. C (1977) 251-256; P. Doyle in 'Biblical Studies: The Medieval Irish Contribution', Proceedings of the Irish Biblical Association 1, (Dublin, 1976), 31-45 passim; Hanson and Blanc o.c. [on (8)] 56-62; Alexander o.c. 49, 53, 72, 75-77, 81, 82, 85, 86, 89, illustrs. numbers 221, 226, 227, 229, 230; B. Bischoff, 'Paläographie der römischen Altertums und des abendländischen Mittelalters', (Berlin, 1979), 248; A. Varin in 'Scriptorium' 35 (1981) 140-141; C. Leonardi in 'Medioevo latino' 3 (1982) numbers 1956-1958, ib. 4 (1983) number 2880, ib. 5 (1984) numbers 1866, 2791; T.J. Brown in 'Die Iren und Europa im früheren Mittelalter', ed. H. Löwe, (Stuttgart, 1982), 1:113,117 and in 'Irland und Europa', edd. P. Ní Chatháin and M. Richter, (Stuttgart, 1984), 311-328 passim; R.M. Thomson, 'Manuscripts from St. Albans Abbey 1066-1235', St. Edmundsbury Press, 1982, 1:122; L. Eleen, 'The Illustration of the Pauline Epistles of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries', (Oxford, 1982), 160-170; R. Sharpe in 'Scriptorium' 36:3-28; T. O’Neill, 'The Irish Hand', (Dublin, 1984), 8 with facing pl., 64 with pl., 97; L.E. Boyle, 'Medieval Latin Palaeography: A Bibliographical Introduction', (Toronto, 1984), numbers 618, 676; M. Werner, 'Insular Art:An Annotated Bibliography', (Boston, 1984), 108; F. Henry and G. Marsh-Micheli, 'Studies in Early Irish Art' 2, (London, 1984), 69 n.6, 70, 79-80, 82, 119-121, 124, 127-128, 183, 193, 225, 228-229; W. O’Sullivan in 'Peritia' 4 (1985) 350, 358; B. Fischer, 'Lateinische Bibelhandschriften im frühen Mittelalter', (Freiburg, 1985), 32, 55, 65n., 77, 83, 134, 145, 174, 194-195, 339; M. Lapidge and R. Sharpe, 'A Bibliography of Celtic-Latin Literature 400-1200', Royal Irish Academy Dictionary of Medieval Latin from Celtic Sources Ancillary Publications 1, (Dublin, 1985), locc. citt. (sub init.); T.H. Ohlgren, 'Insular and Anglo-Saxon Illuminated Manuscripts: An Iconographic Catalogue c. A.D. 625 to 1100', (New York and London, 1986), no. 53; G.O. Simms in 'Treasures of The Library: Trinity College Dublin', (Dublin, 1986), 40, 51-53, pls. 36-37; J. Stevenson in Warren o.c. [on (9)] xli, lxxvi, xciv; noticed in Walter Berschin, 'Biographie und Epochenstil im lateinischen Mittelalter', volume two, (Stuttgart, 1988), 227, 238, 241-243; 170r detail is illustrated in the Douglas Hyde Gallery (Trinity College Dublin) catalogue, Wolfgang Laib, (April-[...] 1992).See also B. Lambert, 'Bibliotheca Hieronymiana Manuscripta: La tradition manuscrite des oeuvres de Saint Jérôme', 'Instrumenta Patristica' 4, (Steenbrugge, 1969-), no. 486; W. Koehler, 'Buchmalerei des frühen Mittelalters: Fragmenteund Entwürfe aus dem Nachlass', edd. E. Kitzinger and F. Mütherich, (Munich, 1972).14; F. Brunhölzl, 'Geschichte der lateinischen Literatur des Mittelalters', volume 1, (Munich, 1975), 533; P. Harbison, H. Potterton, and J. Sheehy, 'Irish Art andArchitecture from Prehistory to the Present', (London, 1978), 53, with pl. 34; K. Hughes, 'Celtic Britain in the Early Middle Ages', ed. D. Dumville, (Woodbridge, 1980) 25; W. Berschin in 'Die Iren und Europa im früheren Mittelalter', ed. H. Löwe, volume 1, (Stuttgart, 1982), 504; W. Davies in 'Ireland in Early Mediaeval Europe: Studies in Memory of Kathleen Hughes', edd. D. Whitelock et al., (Cambridge, 1982), 259, 261; E. James, ibid., 367; P. Sims-Williams, ibid., 246 n.45; J. Contreni in 'Scriptorium' 39 (1985) no. 241; W. O’Sullivan, ‘Irish Calligraphy: Current State and Problems’, in Peritia 4 (1985). 350, 358; L. Bieler, 'Studies on the Life and Legend of St Patrick' [a reprint of earlier papers by Bieler], ed. R. Sharpe, (London, 1986). I 71, II 32, V 184 and 209, VII 396, X 19, XIII passim, XV 165; M. McCormick in 'Scriptorium' 40 (1986) no. 431; P. McGurk, in 'Irland und die Christenheit' (1987) 166-174 passim; M. McNamara in 'Irland und die Christenheit' (1987) 16, 19-20, 28, 32, 49-51, 53; H. Moisl in 'Irland und die Christenheit' (1987) 262; L. Nees, 'The Gundohinus Gospels', (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1987), 240-241, 243; P. Ní Chatháin in 'Irland und die Christenheit' (1987) 190-199 passim, 474, 477-478; C. D. Wright in 'Irland und die Christenheit' (1987) 130; S. McNab in 'Peritia' 6-7 (1987-1988) 268; M. McNamara in 'Peritia' 6-7 (1987-1988) 217-222, esp. 219, 222. See also W. Berschin, 'Biographie und Epochenstil im lateinischen Mittelalter' 2, (Stuttgart, 1988), 227, 238, 241-243; P.A. Breatnach in 'Scire Litteras: Forschungen zum mittelalterlichen Geistesleben', Abhandl. of the Bavarian Academy, Philos.-Hist. Kl. n.f. 99, (Munich, 1988), 70-71; A. Di Majo, C. Federici, and M. Palma in 'Scriptorium' 42 (1988) 134; M. Esposito, 'Latin Learning in Mediaeval Ireland' [a reprint of earlier papers by Esposito], ed. M. Lapidge, (London, 1988). I 520 and 522, II 354, X 321 n.14, XI 203 nn.2 and 3; M.P. Brown in 'St. Cuthbert, His Cult and His Community', edd. G. Bonner et al., (Woodbridge, 1989), 156, 160; J. Hennig, 'Medieval Ireland, Saints and Martyrologies' [reprints of his articles], (Northampton, 1989), XI 9 and 23; D. Ó Cróinín in 'St. Cuthbert, His Cult and His Community, edd. G. Bonner et al., (Woodbridge, 1989), 197-198; A. von Euw, 'Liber Viventium Fabariensis', Studia Fabariensis 1), (Bern and Stuttgart, 1989). (1989) 47-49, 53; J.F. Kelly in 'Traditio' 45 (1989-1990) 422-423; M.P. Brown, 'A Guide to Western Historical Scripts from Antiquity to 1600', (London, 1990), 66 with pl. 19; G. Cames in 'Scriptorium' 44 (1990) 141; M. McNamara, 'Studies on Texts of Early Irish Latin Gospels (A.D. 600-1200)', Instrumenta Patristica 20, (Steenbrugge, 1990). 245; T. Pritchard in 'Scriptorium' 44 (1990) no. 235; J. Stevenson in 'The Uses of Literacy in Early Mediaeval Europe', ed. R. McKitterick, (Cambridge, 1990), 11-35 passim; 'Medioevo latino' 12 (1991) no. 2821; R. Sharpe, 'Medieval Irish Saints’ Lives: An Introduction to Vitae Sanctorum Hiberniae', (Oxford, 1991), cf. index p. 413; L. Bieler (ed.), 'Libri Epistolarum Sancti Patricii', (Dublin, 1993), 7- 44 passim, 54; J. Brown, 'A Palaeographer’s View: Selected Writings of Julian Brown', edd. J. Bately, M. Brown, J. Roberts, (London and New York, 1993), cf. index p. 353, with pls. 62-63; C. de Hamel, review of M.L. Colker, 'Trinity College Library Dublin, Descriptive Catalogue of the Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin Manuscripts' [see Colker above], in The Book Collector 42 (1993), 292; D.N. Dumville, L. Abrams, et al., 'Saint Patrick, A.D. 493-1993', (Woodbridge, 1993), see index p. 319; C. Hicks, 'Animals in Early Medieval Art', (Edinburgh, 1993), 103, 274; The Book of Kells: Proceedings of a Conference at Trinity (1994) College Dublin 6-9 September 1992, ed. F. O’Mahony, (Aldershot, 1994), pls. 73-74, 2-3 (D. Ó Corráin), 50 (D.L. Swan), 65 (M. Herbert), 83 (M. McNamara), 103, 107-109 (P. McGurk), 147, 170-171 (R. Fuchs and D. Oltrogge), 177, 181 (W. O’Sullivan), 215, 217, 221, 229, 232 (J. Higgitt), 286 (E.P. Kelly), 301, 306 (D. Mac Lean), 326 (N. Netzer), 336-337, 340-341 (M.P. Brown), 345, 380 (J. O’Reilly); M. Lapidge in 'Gli autografi medievali', (Spoleto, 1994), 105-106; 'Medioevo latino' 15 (1994) no. 3016; N. Netzer, 'Cultural Interplay in the Eighth Century', Cambridge Studies in Palaeography and Codicology 3, (Cambridge, 1994), 22, 104, 109, 216 n.18, 239 n.10, pl. 103; W. O’Sullivan, ‘The Lindisfarne Scriptorium: For and Against’, in Peritia 8 (1994), 82-83, 87; M.D. Reeve, review of M.L. Colker, 'Trinity College Library Dublin, Descriptive Catalogue of the Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin Manuscripts' in The Journal ofEcclesiastical History 45 (1994). 689; P. Sorrell in 'Leeds Studies in English' 25 (1994) 53; O. Szerwiniack in 'Scriptorium' 48 (1994) 193.And see D.R. Howlett, 'The Celtic Latin Tradition of Biblical Style', (Dublin, 1995), 250-253, 353-354; M. McNamara in 'Filologia mediolatina' 2 (1995) 70, 76, 80; D. Ó Cróinín, 'Early Medieval Ireland', (London and New York, 1995), 24, 25 n.52, 61, 156-157, 162, 165, 190, 204, 291; T. Pritchard in 'Scriptorium' 48 (1995) nos. 380 and 709; M.P. Brown (1996) 66, 96, 99-101, 105, 109, 116-118, 172, 175, pls. 44, 45; C. Davis, 'Celtic Ornament', (London, 1996), 68, with a fig.; 'Medioevo latino' 17 (1996) no. 3848; W. O’Sullivan, ‘Notes on the Trinity Liber Hymnorum’, in Roger Powell: The Compleat Binder, (Turnhout, 1996) 133; C. Farr, The Book of Kells: Its Function and Audience, (London, 1997), 15-17, 48, 56-57, 118, 130, 138, 170; D.R. Howlett, 'British Books in Biblical Style', (Dublin, 1997), 67; 'Bible as Book' (1998) pl. 7; C. Davis, 'Illumination: The Irish School', (New York, 1998), 50-51, with figs.; D.R. Howlett in 'Peritia' 12 (1998) 254, 268; 'Medioevo latino' 19 (1998) nos. 4114, 4289, 5319, and 5875; P. Ó Néill in 'O’Sullivan Festschrift' (1998) 2; J. O’Reilly in 'Bible as Book' (1998) 79-80, 87 n.30, 88 n.47; A. Stones and J. Krochalis (edd.), 'The Pilgrim’s Guide', volume 1, (London, 1998), 231-232; C. Verey in 'Bible as Book' (1998) 108; D. Brearley in 'The Scriptures and Early Medieval Ireland', ed. T. O’Loughlin, 'Instrumenta Patristica' 31, (Turnhout, 1999), 14-27; P. Harbison, 'The Golden Age of Irish Art: The Medieval Achievement 600-1200', (London, 1999). [This work was translated by B. Schellenberger as Die Kunst des Mittelalters in Irland (Würzburg, 1999), but only the English edition will be cited], 36, 211, 267, with figs.; 'Medioevo latino' 20 (1999) no. 6231; N. Whitfield in 'Northumbria’s Golden Age', edd. J. Hawkes and S. Mills, (Stroud, 1999), 296; M. McNamara, 'The Psalms in the Early Irish Church', (Sheffield, 2000), 433-435; 'Medioevo latino' 21 (2000) nos. 2738 and 4577; T. O’Loughlin in 'Cambrian Celtic Studies' 39 (2000) 23-38 with figs.; S.A. Brown and M.W. Herren in 'Pattern and Purpose in Insular Art', Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Insular Art held at the National Museum and Gallery, Cardiff, 3-6 September 1998, edd. M. Redknap et al., (Oxford, 2001) 64, fig. 6.3; 'Medioevo latino' 22 (2001) nos. 1812 and 6531; N. Netzer in 'Pattern and Purpose in Insular Art', Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Insular Art held at the National Museum and Gallery, Cardiff, 3-6 September 1998, 170; T. O’Loughlin in 'Irish Preaching' (2001) 31; R. Sharpe, 'A Handlist of the Latin Writers of Great Britain and Ireland before 1540', Publications of the Journal of Medieval Latin 1, (2001), 28; C. Sterckx in 'Scriptorium' 55 (2001) no. 406; T. O’Loughlin in 'History and Eschatology in John Scottus Eriugena and His Time', edd. J. McEvoy and M. Dunne, (Leuven, 2002), 255-256; H. Richardson, ibid., 261-280 passim, with figs.; M.P. Brown, 'The Lindisfarne Gospels', (London, 2003), 70, 232, 249, 338, 344, 347, 380, pl. 93; C. Hourihane, 'Gothic Art in Ireland, 1169-1550', (New Haven and London, 200), 149; D. Ó Cróinín, 'The First Century of Anglo-Irish Relations (AD 600-700)', 31st O’Donnell Lecture, 2003, (Dublin, 2004), 10; F.J. Byrne, ‘Church and Politics, c.700-c.1100’, in A New History of Ireland, volume 1, ed. D. Ó Cróinín, (Oxford, 2005), 662-663, 668; D. Ó Cróinín et al., ‘Bibliography’, in A New History of Ireland, ed. D. Ó Cróinín, (Oxford, 2005), 1005; D. Ó Cróinín, ‘Hiberno-Latin Literature to 1169’, in A New History of Ireland, volume 1, ed. D. Ó Cróinín, (Oxford, 2005), 379; W. O’Sullivan, ‘Manuscripts and Palaeography’, in A New History of Ireland, volume 1, ed. D. Ó Cróinín, (Oxford, 2005) 518, 526, 528, 535-538, 540, 544-545, pl. 44; H. Richardson, ‘Visual Arts and Society’, in A New History of Ireland, volume 1, ed. D. Ó Cróinín, (Oxford, 2005), 700, pl. 82a, fig. 40.For further bibliography on TCD MS 52 see Lowe t.c. 55 and 60, Hanson and Blanc o.c. 61 n.1, Alexander o.c. 77.
Finding aid
Provenance
  • The last of the hereditary keepers of the book sold or pledged it c1680. The manuscript subsequently belonged to the Brownlow family of Lurgan, who sold it to Bishop William Reeves in 1853, and he in turn to John George Beresford, archbishop of Armagh, who gave the codex to Trinity College Dublin in 1854.
Subject
Keyword
Format
Resource type
Medium
  • ink
Support
  • calf (leather)
  • parchment (animal material)
Culture
  • Irish
Digital Object Id
  • MS52_001
Source
  • 0139914

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