New Testament, 'Codex Montfortianus'. IE TCD MS 30 Poiblí Deposited

New Testament, 'Codex Montfortianus'. IE TCD MS 30

Teideal malartach
  • Codex Montfortianus
Cód seilf/Uimhir thagartha
  • IE TCD MS 30 ; former shelfmarks: EEE 1 ; Class. A. Tab. 4. No. 21
Ráiteas cearta
  • Copyright The Board of Trinity College Dublin. Images are available for single-use academic application only. Publication, transmission or display is prohibited without formal written approval of the Library of Trinity College, Dublin.
Copyright status
Dáta a cruthaíodh
  • circa 1550
  • New Testament, including Acts, Epistles and Revelation, with additional prefaces. Greek New Testament: Novum Testamentum graece, ed. E. Nestle, K. Aland et al., 27th edn (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1993). From the 16th century.Extent: 471 folios.This manuscript is significant largely for the fact that it was used by Erasmus as the source for the Greek text of a controversial Trinitarian interpolation, the so-called Johannine Comma (1 John 5:7-8), first included in the third edition of his Greek text (1522). In his Annotations to the passage, Erasmus refers to this manuscript as a Codex Britannicus. Although Erasmus suspected that this passage had been added to the manuscript by back- translation from the Latin Vulgate, he included the passage in order to fend off the accusation that he wished to promote the Arian heresy. This codex is one of only two extant Greek manuscripts predating 1522 to contain this passage (the other is Vatican, Ottob. gr. 298). The earlier part of this manuscript was collated for use in the London Polyglot. It was first identified as Erasmus’ Codex Britannicus by the French clergyman Jean Ycard (1708), dean of Achonry. Franciscan origin or ownership of the volume deductible from the invocation on folio 198v (see above, Marginalia); the Franciscan owner may have been called Fr Froye (perhaps William Roye: see McDonald, p 88 in Bibliography below); folio 12v: ‘sum thome cleme(n)tis olim fratris froyhe’. Thomas Clement was the son of John Clement (c. 1500-1572), a famous physician, and the grandson of Thomas More (1478-1535). The manuscript was in John Clement’s library in 1549, and Thomas inherited it from his father at some point thereafter (see McDonald, pp 14-15); William Chark (1582), an active Presbyterian controversialist in Elizabeth’s reign; Thomas Montfort (d. 1632), whence its name: earlier shelfmark ‘MS G. 97’ written in brown ink on folio 1 (original flyleaf) and on folio 3r: ‘Montfortius’s Greek Testament MS. G. 97’. Above this note, in the same ink in Greek: ‘εἰς ἔστι θεὸς ὃς οὔρανον ζ´ ἔτευξε καὶ γαῖαν μάκραν. Sophocles’. [this phrase is quoted by Ps.-Justin Martyr, Cohortatio ad gentiles, ed. Morel, p 17, section E, l. 6; idem, De monarchia, ed. Morel, p 104, sect. C, l. 5; Athenagoras Apol., Legatio sive supplicatio pro Christianis, ch. 5, sect. 3, l. 4; it is clearly attributed to Sophocles by John Malalas, Chronographia, p 40, l. 17 (TLG refs)]. The manuscript came to Trinity through Archbishop Ussher, whose collation from this codex converged in the edition of the Polyglot Bible by Bishop Brian Walton (1600-1661). Description: Dr. Barbara Crostini. For further information see Dr. Crostini’s full description attached below in PDF form, or in the Manuscripts and Archives Research Library catalogue:
Teideal bailiúcháin
  • Medieval Greek Manuscripts
Cineál acmhainne
  • goatskin
  • Greek
Aitheantóir Oibiachta Digití
  • MS30_001
  • 0032474


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