John of Garland, Synonyma, etc. IE TCD MS 270, part 3, folios 14 to 25 Public Deposited

John of Garland, Synonyma, etc. IE TCD MS 270, part 3, folios 14 to 25

Alternative title
  • Dictionarius
Shelf Mark/Reference Number
  • IE TCD MS 270
Rights statement
  • Copyright The Board of Trinity College Dublin. Images are available for single-use academic application only. Publication, transmission or display is prohibited without formal written approval of the Library of Trinity College, Dublin.
Publisher location
  • [England]
Date Created
  • [between approximately 1240-1320]
  • IE TCD MS 270, John of Garland, Synonyma, etc. is a composite collection of school texts, heavily glossed in Latin, Anglo-Norman French, and Middle English. The manuscript is made up of five parts that were produced in England, written between the mid-13th and early 14th centuries. This third part, folios 14-25, contains the Dictionarius of John of Garland. Folios 14-24: (5) John of Garland, Dictionarius (T. Hunt, 'Teaching and Learning in Thirteenth- Century England', (Woodbridge, 1991), 3 volumes, 1:196-203, print edition using TCD MS 270; T. Wright (ed.), 'A Volume of Vocabularies', (London, 1857), 120-138; A. Scheler (ed.), Trois traités de lexicographie latine du XIIe et du XIIe siècle, in 'Jahrbuch für romanische und englische Sprache und Literatur' 6 (1865) 144-162; A.F. Paetow, 'Regesta Pontificum Romanorum', 128-131). Prologue, 14: Dictionarius dicitur libellus iste a diccionibus magis nesessariis quas tenetur quilibet scolaris - promptuarium euoluendo. Main text, 14-24: Inter partes humani corporis pes inferior est - cathaduppe terre. Et ipse qui uenturus est iudicare uiuos et mortuos dignetur in fine nostre miserie per suam summam misericordiam misereri. Amen. Commentary, 14-24 (ed. Wright l.c.; ed. Scheler l.c.): Ysidorus dicit quod tria sunt genera lingue Ytalice - amen id est indeficiens. Explicit diccionarius magistri Iohannis de Garlandia. Textum huius libri fecit Parisius, glosas uero Tholose. Glosses in Latin and Anglo-Norman French, with occasional use of Middle English words (brochemaker, 16v). On 15v the commentator points out a discrepancy with the Doctrinale of Alexander de Villa Dei (Sotulares, cf. ed. Wright p. 122, ed. Scheler p. 147): Hic sotularis declinatur quamuis aliter dixerit ille qui composuit Doctrinale. Commentary remarks on 19 relating to Simon de Montfort and the pirate Alan (not in Wrights or Schelers editions). Second copy of work appears as text (48). Some loss of text on 24 (hole in top margin of page). Folio 24: (6) Short verse, beginning line 50: Inperium mundi dat mali forma rotundi - pro cruce prelia pronus. Folios 24v-25: (7) Tract on hymns: About hymns: [N]otandum ergo inprimis hymnos fuisse metrice scriptos sed metrum ex uicio scriptorum - metris indifferenter. Text relates to metre of hymns, such as Primo dierum omnium and Nocte surgentes and cites Horaces Ars Poetica. Some loss of text on 24v and 25 (hole and damage in top margin of pages). Folio 25: (8)-(10) Three diagrams on the (8) positive, (9) comparative, and (10) superlative degrees of adjectives. Folios 25r-v: (11) Glossed hymn, written in prose ('Patrologia Latina' 131:1018-1019; U. Chevalier, 'Repertorium Hymnologicum', (Louvain and Paris, 1892-1921), 6 volumes, no. 100, H. Walther, 'Initia Carminum Ac Versuum Medii Posterioris Latinorum', no. 314; D. Schaller and E. Könsgen, 'Initia Carminum Latinorum Saeculo Undecimo Antiquorum', (Göttingen, 1977), no. 156): Ad celebres rex celice laudes cunta - durit ad agalmata. Vos per ethera nos per. Ending imperfect (edition col. 1019). Text composed around hole in top margin, suggesting hymn copied after leaf damaged.
  • In Latin, Anglo-Norman French, and Middle English.
  • Former shelfmarks: Lyon: D.4.9 ; Bernard: 170 ; Foley: F.4 ; c1670: [F.1.10]
Biographical note
  • Johannes de Garlandia or John of Garland was a medieval grammarian and university teacher. His dates of birth and death are unknown, but he probably lived from about 1190 to about 1272; not to be confused with Johannes de Garlandia (Johannes Gallicus, active around 1270-1320) who was a French music theorist of the late ars antiqua period of medieval music. An entry (from New Grove) recorded in the Library of Congress Name Authority for Johannes de Garlandia, the music theorist, explains: Although several scholars ... have sought to identify him with the poet and grammarian Johannes de Garlandia (c1190-c1272), an Englishman also teaching in Paris, the important studies by Reimer and Rasch reject this idea. See: and
Related url
  • This description was adapted (2021) from the following sources: T.K. Abbott, Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin (Dublin, 1900), no. 270; M.L. Colker, Trinity College Library Dublin Descriptive Catalogue of the Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin Manuscripts (Aldershot, 1991), no. 270; J. Scattergood, with N. Pattwell and E. Williams, Trinity College Library Dublin: A Descriptive Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Middle English and Some Old English (Dublin, 2021), 172-173. For MS 270 see: P. Meyer, 'La chanson de la croisade contre les Albigeois', (Paris, 1875-1879), 2:xxiii, in 'Romania' 14 (1885) 386 and ib. 36 (1907) 485 n.5 and 486 n.2; James o.c. [on (141)] 287; M. Esposito in 'Revue des bibliothèques' 24 (1914) 193-194, in 'English Historical Review' 30 (1915) 461, and in 'Hermathena' no. 42 (1920) 130-131; A.F. Paetow, 'Regesta Pontificum Romanorum', 129-131; J.C. Russell, 'Dictionary of Writers of Thirteenth Century England', 1936, repr. 1971, 87; L. Minio-Paluello in Mediaeval and Renaissance Studies 3 (1954) 118 n.2; H. Walther, 'Initia Carminum Ac Versuum Medii Posterioris Latinorum', no. 8262; M.L. Colker in 'Scriptorium' 28 (1974) 68-71; L. Shields, 'French Texts in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin', Hermathena no. 121, (1976), 90-99, 94; H. Silvestre in 'Bulletin de théologie ancienne et médiévale' 12 (1980) 649-650; G.L. Bursill-Hall, 'A Census of Medieval Latin Grammatical Manuscripts', Grammatica Speculatiua 4, (Stuttgart, 1981), 59 and in 'Historiographia Linguistica' 3 (1976) 161-162, 170 and ib. 4 (1977) 7, 12; Dobson and Harrison locc. citt.; R.W. Hunt, 'The Schools and the Cloister: The Writings of Alexander Nequam (1157-1217)', ed. M. Gibson, (Oxford 1984), 126; T. Hunt, 'Teaching and Learning in Thirteenth- Century England', (Woodbridge, 1991), 3 volumes, 1:39, 42-44, 87, 95, 138, 153, 155, 166-167, 178, 178 n.4, 191-192, 301, 395, 2:15, 26, 33, 37, 54, 65, 82, 125, 146, 148; A.G. Rigg, 'A History of Anglo-Latin Literature 1066-1422', (Cambridge, 1992), 374 n.234; F.-J. Konstanciak in 'Mittelalterliches Jahresbericht' 29.1 (1994) 143; T. Haye (ed.), 'John of Garland's Compendium Gramatice', (Cologne and elsewhere, 1995), 42, 48-49, 50, 60; 'Medioevo latino' 17 (1996) no. 2032; J. Öberg in 'Mittelalterliches Jahresbericht' 32 (1997) 194; 'Bibliographie Annuelle du Moyen Âge Tardif' 9 (1999) no. 1572; R.J. Dean (with the collaboration of M.B.M. Boulton), 'Anglo-Norman Literature: A Guide to Texts and Manuscripts', (London, 1999) nos. 297, 301, 439; R. Sharpe, 'A Handlist of the Latin Writers of Great Britain and Ireland before 1540', Publications of the Journal of Medieval Latin 1, (2001) 256, 385.
Collection title
  • John of Garland, Synonyma, etc. IE TCD MS 270
Finding aid
  • A 14th-century ownership inscription appears on 9v: 'Iste liber constat Tomas Houeton'. A Thomas de Houton was granted licence in 1346 to study one year at Oxford, and in about 1350 was rector of Pudleston, Herefordshire (A.B. Emden, 'A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500', (Oxford, 1957-1959), 3 volumes, 2:974). The manuscript was later acquired by James Ussher, archbishop of Armagh and primate of All Ireland (r. 1625-1656) as evidenced by inscriptions in his own hand (157 and 193). The compiled manuscript does not feature the shelfmark of Ussher's library, but likely entered the collections through the gift of the library by King Charles II to Trinity College Dublin in 1661.
  • This digitisation work was made possible by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York.
Resource type
  • ink
  • colored ink
  • parchment (animal material)
  • calf (leather)
Digital Object Id
  • MS270_031
  • b197220769


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