John of Garland, Synonyma, etc. IE TCD MS 270, part 1, folios 1 to 10 Public Deposited

John of Garland, Synonyma, etc. IE TCD MS 270, part 1, folios 1 to 10

Alternative title
  • Synonyma
Shelf Mark/Reference Number
  • IE TCD MS 270
Rights statement
  • Copyright The Board of Trinity College Dublin. Images are available for single-use academic application only. Publication, transmission or display is prohibited without formal written approval of the Library of Trinity College, Dublin.
Publisher location
  • [England]
Date Created
  • [between approximately 1240-1320]
Physical extent
  • 10 folios
  • IE TCD MS 270, John of Garland, Synonyma, etc. is a composite collection of school texts, heavily glossed in Latin, Anglo-Norman French, and Middle English. The manuscript is made up of five parts that were produced in England, written between the mid-13th and early 14th centuries. This first part, folios 1-10, contains the Synonyma of John of Garland. Script is in several hands, using low grade gothic textualis book hand and anglicana cursive scripts. Folios 1-9v: (1) John of Garland, Synonyma ('Patrologia Latina' 150:1577-1590; A.F. Paetow, 'Regesta Pontificum Romanorum', (Berlin, 1874-1875), repr. (Graz, 1957), 2 volumes, 134; H. Walther, 'Initia Carminum Ac Versuum Medii Posterioris Latinorum', Carmina Medii Aeui Posterioris Latina 1, (Göttingen, 1959), with supplement (Göttingen, 1969), no. 374): Ad mare ne latices - germani sunt uterini (line 27), added in margin: 'Explicit liber qui uacatur encherdeon. Folio 9v: (2) Short verse on the four Evangelist Symbols (A. Wilmart (ed.), Poémes de Gautier de Châtillon dans un manuscrit de Charleville in 'Revue Bénédictine' 49 (1937) 135 n.3; H. Walther, 'Initia Carminum Ac Versuum Medii Posterioris Latinorum', no. 5689), beginning line 28: Est Iohannes auis, uitulus Lucas, leo Marcus, Est homo Matheus - ales summa petendo. (2) is joined to (1) without a break. Folio 9v-10: (3) Short verse on Transubstantiation (another copy in Balliol 10; H. Walther, 'Initia Carminum Ac Versuum Medii Posterioris Latinorum', no. 3214), beginning line 32: Constat in altari carnem de pane creari - ingere uentri. Nomen ('scribentis' corr. from 'cribentis') benedicat lingua legentis. Finito libro, reddatur cena magistro. 10v originally blank. (3) is joined to (2) without a break.
  • In Latin, Anglo-Norman French, and Middle English.
  • Former shelfmarks: Lyon: D.4.9 ; Bernard: 170 ; Foley: F.4 ; c1670: [F.1.10]
Biographical note
  • Johannes de Garlandia or John of Garland was a medieval grammarian and university teacher. His dates of birth and death are unknown, but he probably lived from about 1190 to about 1272; not to be confused with Johannes de Garlandia (Johannes Gallicus, active around 1270-1320) who was a French music theorist of the late ars antiqua period of medieval music. An entry (from New Grove) recorded in the Library of Congress Name Authority for Johannes de Garlandia, the music theorist, explains: Although several scholars ... have sought to identify him with the poet and grammarian Johannes de Garlandia (c1190-c1272), an Englishman also teaching in Paris, the important studies by Reimer and Rasch reject this idea. See: and
Related url
  • This description was adapted (2021) from the following sources: T.K. Abbott, Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin (Dublin, 1900), no. 270; M.L. Colker, Trinity College Library Dublin Descriptive Catalogue of the Mediaeval and Renaissance Latin Manuscripts (Aldershot, 1991), no. 270; J. Scattergood, with N. Pattwell and E. Williams, Trinity College Library Dublin: A Descriptive Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Middle English and Some Old English (Dublin, 2021), 172-173. For MS 270 see: P. Meyer, 'La chanson de la croisade contre les Albigeois', (Paris, 1875-1879), 2:xxiii, in 'Romania' 14 (1885) 386 and ib. 36 (1907) 485 n.5 and 486 n.2; James o.c. [on (141)] 287; M. Esposito in 'Revue des bibliothèques' 24 (1914) 193-194, in 'English Historical Review' 30 (1915) 461, and in 'Hermathena' no. 42 (1920) 130-131; A.F. Paetow, 'Regesta Pontificum Romanorum', 129-131; J.C. Russell, 'Dictionary of Writers of Thirteenth Century England', 1936, repr. 1971, 87; L. Minio-Paluello in Mediaeval and Renaissance Studies 3 (1954) 118 n.2; H. Walther, 'Initia Carminum Ac Versuum Medii Posterioris Latinorum', no. 8262; M.L. Colker in 'Scriptorium' 28 (1974) 68-71; L. Shields, 'French Texts in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin', Hermathena no. 121, (1976), 90-99, 94; H. Silvestre in 'Bulletin de théologie ancienne et médiévale' 12 (1980) 649-650; G.L. Bursill-Hall, 'A Census of Medieval Latin Grammatical Manuscripts', Grammatica Speculatiua 4, (Stuttgart, 1981), 59 and in 'Historiographia Linguistica' 3 (1976) 161-162, 170 and ib. 4 (1977) 7, 12; Dobson and Harrison locc. citt.; R.W. Hunt, 'The Schools and the Cloister: The Writings of Alexander Nequam (1157-1217)', ed. M. Gibson, (Oxford 1984), 126; T. Hunt, 'Teaching and Learning in Thirteenth- Century England', (Woodbridge, 1991), 3 volumes, 1:39, 42-44, 87, 95, 138, 153, 155, 166-167, 178, 178 n.4, 191-192, 301, 395, 2:15, 26, 33, 37, 54, 65, 82, 125, 146, 148; A.G. Rigg, 'A History of Anglo-Latin Literature 1066-1422', (Cambridge, 1992), 374 n.234; F.-J. Konstanciak in 'Mittelalterliches Jahresbericht' 29.1 (1994) 143; T. Haye (ed.), 'John of Garland's Compendium Gramatice', (Cologne and elsewhere, 1995), 42, 48-49, 50, 60; 'Medioevo latino' 17 (1996) no. 2032; J. Öberg in 'Mittelalterliches Jahresbericht' 32 (1997) 194; 'Bibliographie Annuelle du Moyen Âge Tardif' 9 (1999) no. 1572; R.J. Dean (with the collaboration of M.B.M. Boulton), 'Anglo-Norman Literature: A Guide to Texts and Manuscripts', (London, 1999) nos. 297, 301, 439; R. Sharpe, 'A Handlist of the Latin Writers of Great Britain and Ireland before 1540', Publications of the Journal of Medieval Latin 1, (2001) 256, 385.
Collection title
  • John of Garland, Synonyma, etc. IE TCD MS 270
Finding aid
  • A 14th-century ownership inscription appears on 9v: 'Iste liber constat Tomas Houeton'. A Thomas de Houton was granted licence in 1346 to study one year at Oxford, and in about 1350 was rector of Pudleston, Herefordshire (A.B. Emden, 'A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500', (Oxford, 1957-1959), 3 volumes, 2:974). The manuscript was later acquired by James Ussher, archbishop of Armagh and primate of All Ireland (r. 1625-1656) as evidenced by inscriptions in his own hand (157 and 193). The compiled manuscript does not feature the shelfmark of Ussher's library, but likely entered the collections through the gift of the library by King Charles II to Trinity College Dublin in 1661.
  • This digitisation work was made possible by a grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York.
Resource type
  • ink
  • colored ink
  • parchment (animal material)
  • calf (leather)
Digital Object Id
  • MS270_001
  • b197220733


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